• Cable Networks: Changing Name$ for Profit

    by  • July 10, 2013 • Cable Choice • 8 Comments

    In any other area of business, if a product doesn’t sell, the company making it fails — but not in the world of pay TV. There, if nobody watches a particular network, the entertainment industry’s answer is simple: change the network’s name…and force people to keep buying it anyway.

    The “name-changing” scam is a time-honored one in the world of pay-TV “bundling.” In 2000, Viacom turned the country music channel The Nashville Network into the sex-and-scatology-obsessed, frat-boy Spike TV. In 2008 Court TV, which was intended to give viewers a look inside the judicial process, was renamed “TruTV,” and now shows such educational programming as Full Throttle Saloon, Las Vegas Jailhouse, and Lizard Lick Towing. And in 2010, the Discovery Kids channel, which originally provided educational and documentary programming for children, was sold to the toy company Hasbro, which renamed the channel “the Hub” and filled it with “entertainment” programs which are essentially glorified commercials for the toys Hasbro makes.

    Nor does this name-change game show any sign of slowing down. This year alone, six channels will be “rebranded.” Among them, the SPEED network, formerly devoted to NASCAR racing, will become a generic sports channel, in hopes of competing with ESPN, while Fox Soccer will become FXX, a spin-off from the FX network. Going forward, FXX will handle FX’s sleazy, gross-out comedies, while FX concentrates on ultra-violent, gross-out dramas.

    Maybe the worst example is NBCUniversal’s soon-to-appear Esquire Network. Previously the G4 network, the channel’s viewership was small but extremely loyal; G4 targeted young technology and video-game fans, and offered live, on-the-spot coverage of the annual San Diego Comic-Con. But now, such fans will be faced with programming like Brew Dogs, in which a pair of Scottish beer snobs travel America insulting local breweries, and Horse Players, about a mob of racetrack touts who hope to get lucky with their betting. NBCUniversal says it wants to reach “today’s educated, upscale man” (read: rich snobs willing to spend lots of money on the stuff NBC advertises). Apparently, NBC believes video-game and tech fans just aren’t “educated” and “upscale” enough to matter.

    Of course, only a tiny fraction of Esquire’s programming will actually reflect the network’s new concept. Mostly, the channel will be glutted with reruns of Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, Parks and Recreation, and other programs already owned by NBC. This is in keeping with the whole unfortunate direction of pay TV. Where once pay-TV networks had a core concept that they stuck to and delivered on, today, practically every network on cable is just another place to show reruns of Law & Order.

    This should infuriate subscribers. In discussing Cable Choice, the PTC often says, “people shouldn’t have to pay for channels they never watch.” What better example is there than the dozens of channels clogged with ultra-cheap “reality” shows and endless reruns of programs that nobody watched to begin with?

    To take just one example: not everyone is a hard-core science-fiction fan. In fact, most people aren’t. There is absolutely no reason why everyone should have to pay a monthly portion of their cable or satellite bill to support the Syfy channel. And if, by chance, one IS a science-fiction fan, then that viewer deserves to actually get science-fiction on the channel he or she is paying for – not the cops-in-a-beach-house drama Graceland, wrestling matches, and cheesy game shows. And absolutely NO cable or satellite channel should EVER show “infomercials.” Think about it: you are paying almost $100 a month, and what are you getting in return? Hundreds of hour-long COMMERCIALS!

    It’s not just viewers who are sick of the entertainment industry’s bait-and-switch tactics; even cable and satellite companies are fed up – because, unlike the bosses behind the entertainment industry conglomerates that control programming, cable and satellite companies actually have to deal with irate customers. Recently, both DirecTV and Time Warner Cable, two of the biggest pay-TV services, complained that they have no control over the changes in network name and content. The companies sign contracts agreeing to carry certain channels, but then are caught flat-footed when the channel’s owner arbitrarily decides to change the name and concept of the channel. Yet the cable company is stuck having to carry it — and force customer to pay for it — even though viewers may abandon the new channel in droves. Representing cable and satellite’s perspective, Dan York, head of programming for DirecTV, said, “You bargain for a specific service that you were [told would] meet the needs of consumers. If that [channel] doesn’t work, it doesn’t mean the content provider has a unilateral right to turn it into something else.” But that’s exactly what the entertainment industry conglomerates do.

    More and more viewers are opting out of cable or satellite packages, and moving to watch programs on the Internet through services like Amazon Prime and Netflix; and millions of others have abandoned pay-TV programming altogether. This reflects their needs and desires: who wants to pay for hundreds of channels they don’t want? And even if viewers manage to find something they DO like, it’s entirely possible the conglomerates will change the channel’s name and take its programming away. As cable companies and customers alike become ever-more dissatisfied, the corporate conglomerates behind the bundle will soon be faced with a choice: change – or collapse.



    Christopher Gildemeister is the PTC’s Head of Research Operations. He began as an Entertainment Analyst at the PTC in 2005. From 2007-2016, he was Senior Writer/Editor, responsible for communicating the PTC’s message to the public through newsletters, columns, and the PTC Watchdog blog. Dr. Gildemeister holds a Ph.D. from The Catholic University of America.

    8 Responses to Cable Networks: Changing Name$ for Profit

    1. June 29, 2018 at 1:52 pm

      Just read a horrible story. BTW we should verify before buying or placing an order for any TV service. I am using Spectrum TV and Internet service at my home. I think they are fine.

      • Georgi Malchov
        July 9, 2018 at 8:02 am

        What’s the story you’re talking about?

    2. Georgi Malchov
      June 22, 2018 at 10:37 am

      Here are some more examples of channel “rebranding”:
      1. While we’re on the Nashville Network topic, it wasn’t rebranded to Spike straight away. It is true that Viacom bought the channel in 2000, but they actually transformed it into a general entertainment channel called The National Network. Just one year later though, it was “renamed” to The New TNN.

      2. In 2002, The New York Times nabbed a 50% stake in Discovery Civilization Channel, one of the four digital networks simultaneously launched by Discovery Communications in October 1996. At the time, the network provided programming based on world history and geography. One year later however, the channel got “revamped” and “renamed” to Discovery Times, a network focusing more on American culture.

      3. When Turner launched Cartoon Network spinoff Boomerang in 2000, it was meant to showcase classic animation from the Hanna-Barbara, MGM and Warner libraries. But over time, that channel drifted to airing modern toons, to the point where they showed an episode of Ben 10: Omniverse in 2012 a few days after it’s original airing on CN.

      4. Who can forget MTV’s pathetic path into sexually-charged programming? When the Viacom-owned channel launched in 1981, it was the first TV channel dedicated to all music, all the time. Skip forward to now, and we have stuff like Catfish: The TV Show. Talk about missing an open goal in the closing minutes of a World Cup game. Music videos are still part of the channel though, just rarely aired

      5. Back to Discovery Times. In 2006, NYT sold their stake back to Discovery Communications, thus ending their joint-ownership of the channel. 2 years later, it got changed to a true crime network appropriately titled Investigation Discovery, or ID(see what I did there?)

      6.1 ID isn’t the only offense from Discovery in the network “rebranding” department. In 1998, a wee little channel called Discovery Health was unleashed to all cable subscribers. It originally consisted of reruns of medical- and health-related programming from other networks in the Discovery Communications portfolio, most notably TLC. As the channel matured, it began making it’s own “reality” series, which sadly were mostly about babies, plastic surgery and medicine. Now, don’t get me wrong, babies are cute little creatures, but making tons of unscripted shows about them just doesn’t seem right.

      6.2 Eventually, in 2011, Discovery Health merged with FitTV, another Discovery-owned network featuring fitness and exercise-themed programming, to create Discovery Fit and Health. As the new channel contained a mixture of programming formerly found on both Discovery Health and FitTV, subscribers to Discovery Fit and Health(which ironically was “renamed” to Discovery Life just 3 years ago) will treated to programming like Birth Day and Dr. G

      7. In 2004, Turner-owned TBS Superstation shortened it’s name to TBS and became a comedy network. Now, people who view the channel during the nighttime treated to foul programming like The Detour, Full Frontal with Samantha Bee and a pathetic “revival” of the classic game show The Joker’s Wild with Snoop Dogg

      8. In 2009, Network Ten Australia launched their first digital channel: One HD. It was pretty much an Aussie free-to-air version of ESPN, serving up 24/7 sport. In 2011, however, just TWO years after the channel’s establishment, Ten announced that One will add general entertainment programming in its lineup, dropping the “HD” moniker from its name in the process. However, sports still remain a part of the channel’s lineup. So now One is pretty much a cross between an Aussie free-to-air version of ESPN and Aussie versions of TNT and TBS.

      9. In 2014, there was this network called MGM Channel, which operated across Europe, Asia and Latin America. Suddenly, all these channels were revamped into international versions of AMC.

      This is all I could think of for now

    3. June 5, 2018 at 8:47 am

      We have to be careful while selecting a pay TV service to bear the minimum burden. Many companies are doing its work in this manner. But Spectrum in Austin TX is still the largest cable TV company and it has many channels in its list which are usually not present in other companies.

    4. Bobby
      July 22, 2013 at 8:30 pm

      Part of what forced Fox to abandon BOTH Speed and Fox Soccer are rights issues. The rise of Comcast and Al Jazeera cost Fox dearly. Formula One and the Barclays Premier League both went to Comcast, and Fox also lost key soccer rights to Al Jazeera, so Fox effectively lost the purpose of both Speed (F1) and Fox Soccer (Barclays Premier League, Serie A) and so had to create the new FS1 and FXX to replace channels that had no purpose now that they had lost key rights. Bad moves, especially with Fox having two FIFA football “cycles” (2015-18, 2019-22).

      The city that has been affected the most, ironically, is Charlotte. When MTV shut down The Nashville Network to form Spike, the CBS Charlotte offices and studios at Charlotte Motor Speedway were shut down. When Speed shuts down, the likely place for layoffs will likely be at Fox Sports’ offices at W. T. Harris Boulevard. It shows why “red state America” is badly treated by television.

      As we are seeing with the Emmy Awards and critics, they are creating social engineering by rewarding limited-run pay television of 10 to 14 episode, one-hour dramas on premium pay television, with no regards for standards, with nominations. In the past, those shows would be declared miniseries that ran 4-5 two-hour episodes during a week. Now they are entire series, and in the Netflix case, all 10 episodes are shown at once. It’s “cuss all you want, show the worst possible things, since no network standards are there, we can win.” Network television is ironically hamstrung by the older “22-26 week” model where a series-long story arc takes eight months to create a denoument. Short attention spans are the problem.

      And I wonder if part of television’s rate hikes, and even pay television’s takeover of major events, coincide with the rise of illegal streaming. Could some of these rate hikes be dented if an anti-siphoning law, as in Australia, was in play?

    5. Gene Jenkins
      July 13, 2013 at 9:01 pm

      …and we, as the consuming public, have had little or no help from our government. As usual we are on our own to flail about helplessly and endure everything that is thrown at us. All of us need to bite the bullet and disconnect from all the companies. There is still power in numbers if we can all get together on this! PLUS there is more than enough alternative ways to find the few favorite shows that we watch!

    6. Jesse Skeen
      July 11, 2013 at 9:14 pm

      This is one of the main reasons why I don’t have cable- I loved MTV and the concept of turning it on at any time of the day or night and getting MUSIC, but it’s gone far away from that for a long time. I also have never been comfortable with sitting through commercial breaks on channels I’m paying for- I tolerated them on regular TV because that’s how broadcast stations get their money, but when I’m paying to have a channel brought into my home and have it taken away when I don’t pay, I want NO commercials, period. (And this is why I laugh at “Cable Choice” campaigns- why are people willing to pay ANYTHING for ad-supported channels to begin with?) Running of infomercials on cable channels is especially insulting, and of course a large percentage of cable channels are unwatchable anyways as they keep their logos on the screen all the time, and the broadcast networks now do the same as nobody complained when the cable channels did it and thus assume that’s what everyone wants.

      Enough people are going to have to wake up and STOP SUBSCRIBING for anything to improve- as long as they keep paying, cable channels will continue to do as they please, which is provide the lowest quality at the highest price.

    7. William Hughes
      July 11, 2013 at 7:42 pm

      A house divided against itself cannot stand. The Pay-TV Industry is beginning to reap what they sowed. Faces with ever-rising subscription fees and watching the quality of what they are watching continue to head south, people are seeking their entertainment and informational needs from somewhere else.

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